Using Bearings Lubrication for Optimal Machine Performance
While there are many different types of bearings, each plays an important role such as handling varying degrees of loads with the support of grease or lubricants.
The correct application of lubricants is vital to the optimal performance of a machine. Lubricants serve to prevent the metal to metal contact of a bearing’s components, thus preventing corrosion and wear. Other supplementary functions include heat regulation and protection against contaminants or pollutants.
The selection of lubricant is based on a bearing’s desired application and performance as well as the following:
- Operating temperature
- Base oil viscosity
- Speed factor
- Load ratio
While multi-purpose grease is applicable for general usage in automotive and industrial bearings, it sometimes lacks the lubrication requirements for some applications. In these cases, certain types of solutions have been tailored to precisely meet these demands.
There are two main types of lubricants: grease and oil.
Benefits of correct lubrication
According to top bearing manufacturer, NTN-SNR, one of the ways to ensure optimal machine performance in any mechanical assembly is with appropriate lubrication.
Proper lubrication prolongs the overall service life of bearings. This however is dependent on several factors such as heat capacity, resistance to vibration, type of lubricant, as well as load and speed capacity.
The right lubricant for the right job will reduce friction and abrasions. Not to mention, it can also easily regulate heat while preventing contaminants and foreign objects from entering the bearing’s components .
Effects of improper lubrication
As a key factor in determining bearing service life, there are several effects of improper lubrication. Whether it’s too much quantity, too little, or using the incorrect type, this often leads to machine malfunction and decreased product output.
Lastly, excess lubrication can cause an immediate rise in temperature which results in premature bearing failure. Inadequate application meanwhile can bring about abrasion, friction, and fatigue to bearings.
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